Each year we have an increasing number of floods, hurricanes and other natural disasters. We can’t resist them, but we can learn to behave in similar circumstances. When an extreme situation occurs, many of us start to panic and forget about everything learned before. So, how to behave in a situation that threats your life? In this post, I have tried to establish the clear rules of behavior that have to learn by heart each of us to survive in the conditions of natural disasters.
Security measures for storm-warning.
After receiving a warning about the approaching hurricane or strong storm next measures must be taken to reduce the damage from possible hurricane:
1. Tightly close and consolidate all the doors and windows.
2. Put crosswise strips of plaster on the window glass (not to metal fragments).
3. Prepare a stock of food and water, medication, flashlight, candles, a receiver, batteries, documents and money.
4. Turn off gas and electricity.
5. Remove from balconies (in a private house – from the yard) items that can be blown by the wind.
6. Go to the durable buildings or to the asylum of Civil Defence.
7. In a private home, it’s better to move to the more spacious and robust its part, and the best variant is to go to the cellar.
8. Children from kindergartens and schools must be pre-sent home. If a storm warning was received too late, children should be located in basements or central parts of the buildings.
9. In the case of being in a building while the hurricane or strong storm is happening, you should be especially wary of being wounded by a pane of glass. When there are strong gusts of wind, it’s better to move away from the window openings and stand close to the pier. For security, you can also use a solid furniture or to stand under a doorway. But the safest place during a hurricane is a basement or interior room on the ground floor (if they are not threatened to flood).
What to do if you are outside during a hurricane
1. Stay away from buildings and structures, tall pillars, trees, billboards, poles, pylons and electrical wires.
2. You’d better not to be on the bridges, overpasses, in places where flammable and toxic substances are stored.
3. Hide under the bridge reinforced concrete shelter in the basement cellar. You can go into the pit, or any other deepening.
4. You must not climb onto the roof and hide in the attic.
5. If you are traveling by car across the plain, stop, but don’t leave a car. Tightly close the doors and windows. During the snow storm cover the engine from the radiator.
6. If the wind is not strong, you can rake the snow off the car from time to time in order to avoid being buried under a thick layer of snow.
7. If you’re in public transport, immediately leave it and start looking for shelter.
8. If you are caught in a raised or open space, run (crawl) to the side of any shelter that could shut you off from the wind, but beware of falling branches and trees.
You can not go out immediately after the weakening of the wind, as there can be another new impulse of it in several minutes. After the hurricane has ended, while leaving home, first look around – there are no overhanging objects and parts of the structure, the dangling wires, there is no smell of gas. Fire can’t be ignited until the certainty that there were no leaks.
After the hurricane, it’s not recommended to enter the damaged buildings, as they may collapse.